Friday, June 28, 2013

Mangueshi Temple

One of the Best maintained and one of the richest temples in Goa, Shri Mangueshi temple is located at Mangueshim in Priol, Ponda Taluka and is an hour’s drive from Margao and Panjim.
Mangueshi Temple
Mangueshi Temple

History

walkway leading to Mangueshi Temple
Walkway leading to Mangueshi Temple
Hindu Mythology states that Lord Parshuram created Goa and gave away a small portion of Goa as gram daan to different gotras of Saraswat Brahmins. The Kaundinya and Vatsa gotras received Kushasthal as a gift. It was here that the Shiva Idol as known as Mangereesh or Mangesh was installed in a simple temple.

The idols remained in Kushasthal (Kuthal in Goa) until the 16th Century where religious persecution from the Portuguese rulers led to the idols being shifted to Priol. In 1739 the Marathas captured what is now Ponda Taluka and helped setup a proper wooden structure there where the final temple was erected sometime in 1744. 


gateway_leading_to_mangushi
Gateway leading to Mangueshi
As the area kept changing hands between the Marathas and the Portuguese not much renovation was done for the temple. In 1890 the present structure came into existence. Post independence major renovations were done and the campus was expanded and today is it the largest and most beautiful of all temples in Goa.

Getting There


One enters the temple thru a gateway on the old Ponda to Panjim Road. A by-bypass road was built some while back to reduce congestion on the older road hence visitors need to get off the new road and go towards Mardol. The main gateway is located on the right as you move towards Panjim.

This gateway leads via a paved path to a water tank. The water tank is believed to be one of the oldest in Goa. One needs to climb a flight of stairs or walk up twin ramps leading to an arch in a central gate tower in the front wall which has the Noubatkhana on the first floor, to reach the main temple and associated structures.
 

Noubatkhana
Noubatkhana

The Mangueshi Temple Courtyard

As soon as you enter you see the Noubatkhana which overlooks the temple tank. This is normally used by musicians to play different types of musical instruments during the different festivals. Beyond this stands the seven-storey, gleaming white Deepstambha ' where oil lamps are placed during festivals. Near the lamp tower is the tulsi vrindavan colourfully decorated with tiles. The main temple itself is located on a raised Plinth.

There are 'Agrashalas' on three sides of the main Mangueshi Temple. Agarshalas are buildings with rooms for pilgrims, administrative offices and halls for marriage or thread ceremonies. The annual Mangueshi Zatra and the Khojagiri Pornima held here bring together GSB devotees from different regions in India and these Agarshalas provide space for pilgrims to rest.
Agrashalas
Agrashalas

The Temple from Inside

The floor of the Shri Mangueshi Temple is paved with marble. The mandapa is divided by two rows of four huge round columns beyond the octagonal entrance hall. The ceiling is decorated in definite geometrical pattern clustered with impressive chandeliers and lamps of varied designs.The inner sanctum houses a Shiva Lingam, a golden 'Shesha' and an image of Shiva which constitute the main altar.

The Surroundings

Around the main temple there are other shrines dedicated to different incarnations of Lord Shiva and other deities. The temples include 
Mulkeshwar_Temple
Mulkeshwar_Temple

  • Within the temple are two temples dedicated to Lord Ganesh and Goddess Parvati
  • Temple dedicated to Lord Bhairava which is located just outside the main temple. The idol is made of black basalt. The idol incorporates the trident, sword, kettle drum and Bhramas head in each of the idols hands
  • Temple dedicated to Lord Mulkeshwar (associated with Multo, the God of the Kundbis) who got the lords idol to Priol in the 16th Century
  • A temple to Shanteri, the village Goddess of Peace is also found besides the ancient water tank outside the courtyard.
  • Besides these, there are temples dedicated to Lord Ganesh and Devi Bhagwati, the most important members of the family deity.
Panoramic view of Mangeshi temple
panoramic view of Mangeshi temple
panoramic view of Mangeshi temple